Black pepper is known as spice or condiment which had a very strong aroma and spread on top of many dishes. In Indian, it was acclaimed as ” Black Gold” and “King of Spices”, black pepper is one of the world’s most traded spices.Currently, Vietnam is the world’s largest producer and exporter of pepper, producing 34% of the world’s Piper nigrum crop as of 2013 and followed by Indonesia for a small margin. Black Pepper usually dried before it used as a spice and seasoning. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn. The plant originally comes from the southern region of India, thrives in tropical climates.
Since ancient times, black pepper has been renowned as a useful spice, not just that, Black pepper was so valuable that it was used as currency to trade. A sack of pepper was said to be equivalent to a man’s life. It was one of reason that Vasco da Gama even came all the way from Portugal to India
Apart from black variety they come with 4 another type of Black Pepper that was also commonnly used.
The most common variety which usually dried, they have the strongest, most pungent flavor. Freshly ground, this variety are the ideal sesoning along with salt for pretty much anything. there are many varieties which come from lot of tropical country such as Brazilian, they got a harsh taste; From India which had sweet and well-rounded taste; and Lampong from Indonesia which leaves a citrusy, slow burn.
Underripe black peppercorns that usually come in tasting it fresh, vinegar and tart. Sometimes it was dried, but its more common to see them in brine. slightly spicy and aromatic, great for flavoring sauces for meat dishes.
Black peppercorns which it skins got removed called white peppercorns. They have both a fiery, but also less pungent taste, and are good for light-colored sauces and foods.
A fake peppercorns, these aren’t but are instead berries that come from a South American shrub. Though they still have a peppery bite, they also have fruity and floral notes. They’re best for garnishing. Serious Eats recommends crushing them in a spice grinder or with a knife rather than a pepper mill, because they are so delicate.
Tasting best 7 of most major growing region which had a best black pepper.
Lampong (origin: Indonesia)
There’s a slow burn in these peppercorns that evolves into a more intense heat. Several tasters noted strong citrusy aromas; others smelled woodsy, pine notes. This didn’t taste like the most intense peppercorn, and it definitely bore more aroma than flavor. One taster suggested it for crusting a steak: the bright, light aromas and mild-but-spicy flavor would make a good complement to a fatty ribeye.
Tellicherry (origin: India)
Tellicherry peppercorns are like San Marzano tomatoes: they need to come from Tellicherry, a city on the Malabar coast of Kerala in India. They’re considered some of the finest peppercorns in the world, and one of the few “names” in pepper that people are familiar with. Our sample tasted especially sweet, and tasters noted aromas from fruity to grassy to citrus and pine—but most of all, a certain bright freshness. The sweet, balanced flavor and complex aroma make it a great stand-alone pepper.
Brazilian (origin: Brazil)
The New World grows plenty of pepper, and while this sample wasn’t especially complex (notes suggested “one-note”), it has a brash intensity we found appealing. An especially pungent, nose-clearing bite gives way to a more mild, easygoing flavor. Some detected very mild citrus and herbal notes. This is good for a quick, punchy black pepper hit that you don’t want to linger; or add it to blends for its strong opening notes.
Vietnamese (origin: Vietnam)
Another pepper with intense aroma but mild flavor—and very different aromas and flavors. “Strong” was the dominant note on smell, with suggestions of fruit, citrus, and even fennel, according to one taster. The mellow flavor evokes black tea, smoke, and wood, but it’s “not crazy complex” and isn’t too hot, either. This would be interesting in cacio e pepe, perhaps better when paired with Brazilian peppercorns for heat.
Malabar (origin: India)
Malabar peppercorns hail from the same growing region as Tellicherry, but aren’t as tightly controlled. Like the Tellicherry, we noticed complex but balanced aromas with accents of citrus, resin, and berries, though it didn’t share the Tellicherry’s intense sweetness. Instead it had a mildly dark, slightly bitter flavor. Another good all-purpose pepper, with warm, spiced notes for more dark, savory dishes like braises.
Sarawak (origin: Malaysia)
One of the more “peppery” of the samples, which is a lot less obvious than it sounds; this had a musky, earthy aroma and a mild flavor. Some tasters thought it tasted too plain, but one remarked: “delicious, I could put this on everything.” It’s A mellow, chameleon pepper with a brusque aroma and a slight sweetness. A strong choice for barbecue rubs that want to feature spice and sweet with a hint of peppery roughness.
Talamanca (origin: Ecuador)
“Smells more like other spices than pepper,” one taster said. There’s slow chili-like heat here, lemon oil, and smoke aromas, with pungent flavor and a bitter finish. It was a divisive pepper: some loved it, others hated it. I wouldn’t use it on its own, but it’d be excellent in spice blends, especially those with a citrus element.
A miracle of black pepper also includes benefits for health and medicine, that will be a reason for you to absolutely taste this “Black Gold”
1. Black pepper will help you prevent cancer.
In study conducted by University of Michigan Cancer Center, black pepper found out can prevent the development of breast cancers. The piperine on black pepper had an important role in preventing cancer. And then, if it combined with turmeric then its effect rise and will resulting in higher effect.
In addition to piperine, Antioxidants in black pepper is useful to ward off free radicals so that the body is protected from cancer. It is very effective against colon cancer cells and skin cancer cells.
2. Lot of vitamins which will make your body healthy.
Vitamin C, Vitamin A, flavonoids, carotene and anti oxidants that contained on black pepper can help for removing harmful radicals also protect the body from cancer and disease. Fact from studies said the effect from black pepper is good
to stalling the development of skin cancer and colon cancer.
How to consume it properly? add a teaspoon of pepper powder into the food once a day.
3. Forget diet, pepper help you to lost your weight.
Black pepper will be helpful for your effort to lose your weight because its ability to assimilate properly the nutrients of food within your body. In additin, its outer layer containing phytonutrients which help to stimulate the breaking of fat cells. It will caused you to sweating and urinating, which a very good thing to throw off the excess water and toxins from your body. All of these activities will help you to loss your weight. For more effective suggest, just sprinkle black pepper on top of your food, but not too much.
4. Wondering what else can you use for your facial? Black pepper can help as scrub!
Another effect of black pepper that it can be used as exfoliant. When the pepper crushed and added to your facial scrub, it will help to remove the dead skin cell, stimulate circulation and provide more oxygen and nutrients to your skin. Its antibacterial along with anti-inflammatory properties will help and keep your skin from infection like acne.
5. In case when your nose were suffering from colds, search for black pepper in the kitchen.
Colds can make your day terrible, and flip your mood up and down, but don’t worry go to kitchen and search for any black pepper to make a soup. Antibacterial properties on black pepper is an effective natural remedy for curing colds and cough, it can clear the clogged nose also reduce the coughs. Warm and spicy flavor can help loosen your throat from sticky mucus and relieve your nose. The trick is to put pepper into a hot soup. This will soon make your throat loosen and help your breathe easier.
For last, Conclusion.
we have already walk around from history of black pepper; identifying 4 types of black pepper, tasting 7 best black pepper and feel the effect of black pepper.
but which one is the best one?
its depend on personal taste but we suggest that you take Lampong black peppercorns, why? because Lampong peppercorns from Indonesia have a sharp, lingering heat and good aroma. Smaller than many other peppercorns, these work well in most grinders. Excellent wherever you want a simple, black pepper.
Where to get it?
Indonesia is the world’s second largest pepper produce. Most of Island in Indonesia suitable to planted black pepper. Some place that famous by the high quality of black pepper are Lampung, Belitong, and Java.
However, currently someplace began cultivation black pepper to produce a high-quality product such Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Royal Agro Nusantara builds a relationship with the local partner in Lampung and Kalimantan to supply our product-black pepper with high quality and supply continuously.
The farmer harvesting black pepper from the vine.